Agriculture > All Agriculture > ANR-0382

Stinging Insects & Poisonous Spiders Of Alabama
Gene R. Strother
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Pages / Length: 4
Publication Date: 02/10/1985

Two to three million people in the United States are severely allergic to the venom of stinging insects. About 100 deaths each year in the United States are attributed to insect stings and bites. Hymenopterous insects (ants, wasps, bees, hornets and yellow jackets) cause more severe allergic reactions than do other insects. However, spiders such as the brown recluse and the black widow are also poisonous. The nettling caterpillars such as the larvae of the saddleback moth, io moth, the hag moth, and the flannel moth can inflict a painful reaction upon contact. Hypersensitive individuals may experience swelling, nausea, and generalized systemic reactions. Ants, particularly the imported fire ant, can inflict a painful sting that will result in a pustule at the sting site.